A further forum on aid effectiveness was held in September 2008 in Accra, Ghana. This resulted in the publishing of the Accra Agenda for Action, which adds to the Paris Declaration in areas in which obstacles to the implementation process had arisen. The Agenda for Action places aid effectiveness in a wider development context. It sets out human rights, gender equality and environmental protection as key factors of effective development aid. In addition, issues of good governance are cited in the Agenda for Action as core factors for effective development aid, and it also states how effective aid can be organised in fragile states.
The key features of the Accra Agenda for Action are:
Developing countries will strengthen the linkages between public expenditures and results, and donors will provide 3- to 5-year forward information on their planned aid to partner countries.
Developing country governments will engage more with parliaments and civil society organizations.
- Country systems
Partner country systems will be used to deliver aid as the first option, rather than donor systems, and donors will share their plans on increasing use of country systems.
Donors will switch from reliance on prescriptive conditions about how and when aid money is spent to conditions based on the developing country’s own development objectives.
Donors will elaborate individual plans to further untie their aid.
- Aid fragmentation
Donors agree to avoid creating new aid channels, and donors and countries will work on country-led division of labour.
All actors are encouraged to use the Paris Declaration principles, and the value of South-South cooperation is welcomed.
Donors and countries will step up efforts to have mutual assessment reviews in place by 2010. These will involve stronger parliamentary and citizen engagement, and will be complemented with credible independent evidence.